MDGs 4 & 5


Target: Reduce by two thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate

Child deaths are falling, but not quickly enough to reach the target
Revitalizing efforts against pneumonia and diarrhoea, while bolstering nutrition, could save millions of children
Recent success in controlling measles may be short-lived if funding gaps are not bridged


Target 5 A: Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio

Most maternal deaths could be avoided
Giving birth is especially risky in Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, where most women deliver without skilled care
The rural-urban gap in skilled care during childbirth has narrowed

Target 5 B: Achieve universal access to reproductive health

More women are receiving antenatal care
Inequalities in care during pregnancy are striking
Only one in three rural women in developing regions receive the recommended care during pregnancy
Progress has stalled in reducing the number of teenage pregnancies, putting more young mothers at risk
Poverty and lack of education perpetuate high adolescent birth rates
Progress in expanding the use of contraceptives by women has slowed
Use of contraception is lowest among the poorest women and those with no education
Inadequate funding for family planning is a major failure in fulfilling commitments to improving women’s reproductive health

Source: United Nations,

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